Alerts left arrow right arrow   

Mac OS X Malware Disguised As Word and PDF Documents

Comments  +
Mac OS X Malware Disguised As Word and PDF Documents

A new Mac OS malware called "Backdoor:Python/Janicab", disguised as a PDF and Word document has been discovered by internet security software maker, F-Secure. The malware uses the Right-to-Left override (RLO) trick to disguise itself as a PDF and Word document, by hiding the real extension of the file. This will trick someone into believing the file is a document instead of an application.

The RLO is a set of characters designed to support languages that are written right to left, such as Arabic and Hebrew, but can be used to make a malicious application look like a harmless PDF or Word document.

How can a malicious application be disguised as a harmless document?

Here is an example:
If the cybercriminals behind this malware want to disguise the application file “”, to make it appear as the PDF document file “RecentNews.ppa.PDF”, all they have to do is put the RLO unicode command for Right to Left override just before the letter  “F” in the file name “RecentNews.?  The question sign (?) inidicates where the "Right to Left"  character should be placed. This character is known as U+202E in the Unicode encoding standard.

This will make the file appear as if it is a PDF, although it is an application. This is because the last part of the file name (“”) will now read from right to left, therefore, making it be displayed as  “ppa.PDF” - -RecentNews.ppa.PDF.

If someone opens the file thinking it is a document, the malware will open silently in the background and display a sample document. This sample is a decoy, used to trick the user into believing that they have opened a document.

Once this Mac OS X malware is active on the infected computer, it will continuously spy on the user of the computer by taking screen shots of the computer  and record audio through the computer's microphone. These screen shots and audio recordings are then uploaded to the command and control server.

This malware will continuously check the Command and Control server for instructions from the cybercriminals behind this malware.

This malware also goes by the following names:

  • BackDoor.Janicab.1
  • Python/Janicab.A
  • TROJ_GEN.F47V0712
  • Mal/BredZpRTL-A
  • Backdoor:Python/Janicab.A

Macintosh computer users must be careful when opening document files like Adobe Acrobat (PDF) or Microsoft Word (DOC). Do not open documents from untrustworthy sources or documents sent as email attachment from unknown senders.

For information about this malware, please click here.

Please share with us what you know or ask a question about this article by leaving a comment below. Also, check the comment section below for additional information, if there is any.

Remember to forward malicious or phishing email messages to us at the following email address:

Comments, Questions and Reviews

Comment(Total: 0)

Write a Comment, Review, or ask a Question or scroll down to view comments, reviews and questions made by others.

Would you recommend this article to a friend or family member?
Yes (1) No (0)   

Submit Comment Write Your Comment, Question or Review

Write your comment, question or review in the box below to share what you know or to get answers. Please revisit after an hour or more to view reponses or answers to you questions.
All comments, questions or reviews will be examined for derogatory or indecent statements, spam or malicous code, before they are posted on this website.

More for you:
Warning! JavaScript is turned off or disabled! Some features on this website will not work.