The need for cybersecurity awareness is growing by the day. Hacking exposes individuals and corporations to data loss or compromise, resulting in reputation damage. College students should be aware of the main issues or principles of cybersecurity to forestall the challenge. While you might not have millions of dollars to lose in your account, compromised personal details could be used to inflict a lot of damage. Further, hackers could collect your information for use in malicious activities online. Knowledge of cybersecurity issues will protect you from such dangers. It will also shield you from future trouble by safeguarding your current information.
Individuals have a critical role to play in preventing cyber-attacks. Prior knowledge of cybersecurity reduces the extent of damage and will shield you from compromise. Here are important elements of cybersecurity that every student should know.
Passwords are important
A password protects your accounts from entry by unauthorized persons. Hackers use such accounts as social media, email, and institutional platforms to impersonate the owners. Is there a secure platform where a professional can do my essay for me without compromising my integrity? Writing services provide secure platforms to order your paper and any homework without revealing your identity.
Each platform requires you to enter an appropriate password. Use a strong password to secure your accounts. Include numbers and letters in upper as well as lower cases. Avoid using the same password for all your accounts. In case one account is compromised, the others will be secure. Mix special characters with the numbers and letters you are using to create the password. Do not share your password with third parties.
Hackers try to compromise apps and online platforms every day. These apps and websites are built with the most recent security features. However, the hackers find a way to compromise them over time. The secret is to update your app and online platforms regularly.
An updated version comes with the latest security features. The process of updating will also disrupt any attempt to compromise your app or website. It secures your data, beyond helping you to access the latest features on the platforms you are using.
Use public Wi-Fi cautiously
Public Wi-Fi is cheap and, therefore, preferred by many. However, it remains one of the most dangerous options when accessing the internet. It is vulnerable to hacking incidences that will easily compromise the integrity of your data.
It is impossible to avoid public Wi-Fi because it exists for a reason. However, you should be cautious of the activities you undertake on such platforms. Do not enter personal details on pop-up windows. Ascertain that the website you are using has actually asked for the information before you can give it. Avoid accessing sensitive websites like banks on public Wi-Fi to avoid being compromised.
Know the information to give online
Registration platforms will ask for personal information online. Always check the URL and security features on any website or platform that asks for your information. Only provide information that is relevant to the website or app you are dealing with.
Popup windows are especially troublesome when accessing information online. They appear to come from the active website, but the URL is usually different. Do not enter additional information like passwords on such platforms. You could be dealing with hackers.
Backup your data regularly
Hackers access accounts and could easily lock you out. All the information on the account or device will be lost. Once you recover the account, the files and information that were stored could be compromised. The safest way to safeguard your information and files is to back up.
Online platforms provide schedules to backup information. Utilize these schedules to secure your files and personal information. The information will be useful and accessible even after you recover your account or device.
Protecting your data and files begins with the use of strong passwords. Enter personal information online sparingly to avoid exposure to unscrupulous websites. Update your devices, apps, and websites to enjoy the latest security features.
Online Threat Alerts Security Tips
Pay the safest way
Credit cards are the safest way to pay for online purchases because you can dispute the charges if you never get the goods or services or if the offer was misrepresented. Federal law limits your liability to $50 if someone makes unauthorized charges to your account, and most credit card issuers will remove them completely if you report the problem promptly.
Guard your personal information
In any transaction you conduct, make sure to check with your state or local consumer protection agency and the Better Business Bureau (BBB) to see if the seller, charity, company, or organization is credible. Be especially wary if the entity is unfamiliar to you. Always call the number found on a website’s contact information to make sure the number legitimately belongs to the entity you are dealing with.
Be careful of the information you share
Never give out your codes, passwords or personal information, unless you are sure of who you're dealing with
Know who you’re dealing with
Crooks pretending to be from companies you do business with may call or send an email, claiming they need to verify your personal information. Don’t provide your credit card or bank account number unless you are actually paying for something and know who you are sending payment to. Your social security number should not be necessary unless you are applying for credit. Be especially suspicious if someone claiming to be from a company with whom you have an account asks for information that the business already has.
Check your accounts
Regularly check your account transactions and report any suspicious or unauthorised transactions.
Don’t believe promises of easy money
If someone claims that you can earn money with little or no work, get a loan or credit card even if you have bad credit, or make money on an investment with little or no risk, it’s probably a scam. Oftentimes, offers that seem too good to be true, actually are too good to be true.
Do not open email from people you don’t know
If you are unsure whether an email you received is legitimate, try contacting the sender directly via other means. Do not click on any links in an email unless you are sure it is safe.
Think before you click
If an email or text message looks suspicious, don’t open any attachments or click on the links.
Verify urgent requests or unsolicited emails, messages or phone calls before you respond
If you receive a message or a phone call asking for immediate action and don't know the sender, it could be a phishing message.
Be careful with links and new website addresses
Malicious website addresses may appear almost identical to legitimate sites. Scammers often use a slight variation in spelling or logo to lure you. Malicious links can also come from friends whose email has unknowingly been compromised, so be careful.
Secure your personal information
Before providing any personal information, such as your date of birth, Social Security number, account numbers, and passwords, be sure the website is secure.
Stay informed on the latest cyber threats
Keep yourself up to date on current scams by visiting this website daily.
Use Strong Passwords
Strong passwords are critical to online security.
Keep your software up to date and maintain preventative software programs
Keep all of your software applications up to date on your computers and mobile devices. Install software that provides antivirus, firewall, and email filter services.
Update the operating systems on your electronic devices
Make sure your operating systems (OSs) and applications are up to date on all of your electronic devices. Older and unpatched versions of OSs and software are the target of many hacks. Read the CISA security tip on Understanding Patches and Software Updates for more information.
What if You Got Scammed?
Stop Contact With The Scammer
Hang up the phone. Do not reply to emails, messages, or letters that the scammer sends. Do not make any more payments to the scammer. Beware of additional scammers who may contact you claiming they can help you get your lost money back.
Secure Your Finances
- Report potentially compromised bank account, credit or debit card information to your financial institution(s) immediately. They may be able to cancel or reverse fraudulent transactions.
- Notify the three major credit bureaus. They can add a fraud alert to warn potential credit grantors that you may be a victim of identity theft. You may also want to consider placing a free security freeze on your credit report. Doing so prevents lenders and others from accessing your credit report entirely, which will prevent them from extending credit:
Check Your Computer
If your computer was accessed or otherwise affected by a scam, check to make sure that your anti-virus is up-to-date and running and that your system is free of malware and keylogging software. You may also need to seek the help of a computer repair company. Consider utilizing the Better Business Bureau’s website to find a reputable company.
Change Your Account Passwords
Update your bank, credit card, social media, and email account passwords to try to limit further unauthorized access. Make sure to choose strong passwords when changing account passwords.
Report The Scam
Reporting helps protect others. While agencies can’t always track down perpetrators of crimes against scammers, they can utilize the information gathered to record patterns of abuse which may lead to action being taken against a company or industry.
Report your issue to the following agencies based on the nature of the scam:
- Local Law Enforcement: Consumers are encouraged to report scams to their local police department or sheriff’s office, especially if you lost money or property or had your identity compromised.
- Federal Trade Commission: Contact the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) at 1-877-FTC-HELP (1-877-382-4357) or use the Online Complaint Assistant to report various types of fraud, including counterfeit checks, lottery or sweepstakes scams, and more.
- Identitytheft.gov: If someone is using your personal information, like your Social Security, credit card, or bank account number, to open new accounts, make purchases, or get a tax refund, report it at www.identitytheft.gov. This federal government site will also help you create your Identity Theft Report and a personal recovery plan based on your situation. Questions can be directed to 877-ID THEFT.
How To Recognize a Phishing Scam
Scammers use email or text messages to try to steal your passwords, account numbers, or Social Security numbers. If they get that information, they could get access to your email, bank, or other accounts. Or they could sell your information to other scammers. Scammers launch thousands of phishing attacks like these every day — and they’re often successful.
Scammers often update their tactics to keep up with the latest news or trends, but here are some common tactics used in phishing emails or text messages:
Phishing emails and text messages often tell a story to trick you into clicking on a link or opening an attachment. You might get an unexpected email or text message that looks like it’s from a company you know or trust, like a bank or a credit card or utility company. Or maybe it’s from an online payment website or app. The message could be from a scammer, who might
- say they’ve noticed some suspicious activity or log-in attempts — they haven’t
- claim there’s a problem with your account or your payment information — there isn’t
- say you need to confirm some personal or financial information — you don’t
- include an invoice you don’t recognize — it’s fake
- want you to click on a link to make a payment — but the link has malware
- say you’re eligible to register for a government refund — it’s a scam
- offer a coupon for free stuff — it’s not real
About Online Threat Alerts (OTA)
Online Threat Alerts or OTA is an anti-cybercrime community that started in 2012. OTA alerts the public to cyber crimes and other web threats.
By alerting the public, we have prevented a lot of online users from getting scammed or becoming victims of cybercrimes.
With the ever-increasing number of people going online, it important to have a community like OTA that continuously alerts or protects those same people from cyber-criminals, scammers and hackers, who are every day finding new ways of carrying out their malicious activities.
Online users can help by reporting suspicious or malicious messages or websites to OTA. And, if they want to determine if a message or website is a threat or scam, they can use OTA's search engine to search for the website or parts of the message for information.
Help maintain Online Threat Alerts (OTA).