The RLO is a set of characters designed to support languages that are written right to left, such as Arabic and Hebrew, but can be used to make a malicious application look like a harmless PDF or Word document.
How can a malicious application be disguised as a harmless document?
Here is an example:
If the cybercriminals behind this malware want to disguise the application file “RecentNews.FDP.app”, to make it appear as the PDF document file “RecentNews.ppa.PDF”, all they have to do is put the RLO unicode command for Right to Left override just before the letter “F” in the file name “RecentNews.?FDP.app”. The question sign (?) inidicates where the "Right to Left" character should be placed. This character is known as U+202E in the Unicode encoding standard.
This will make the file appear as if it is a PDF, although it is an application. This is because the last part of the file name (“FDP.app”) will now read from right to left, therefore, making it be displayed as “ppa.PDF” - -RecentNews.ppa.PDF.
If someone opens the file thinking it is a document, the malware will open silently in the background and display a sample document. This sample is a decoy, used to trick the user into believing that they have opened a document.
Once this Mac OS X malware is active on the infected computer, it will continuously spy on the user of the computer by taking screen shots of the computer and record audio through the computer's microphone. These screen shots and audio recordings are then uploaded to the command and control server.
This malware will continuously check the Command and Control server for instructions from the cybercriminals behind this malware.
This malware also goes by the following names:
Macintosh computer users must be careful when opening document files like Adobe Acrobat (PDF) or Microsoft Word (DOC). Do not open documents from untrustworthy sources or documents sent as email attachment from unknown senders.
For information about this malware, please click here.